In addition to the benefits mentioned above, some operators found that rental costs were reduced until an Article 83 agreement was reached and operators saw a higher residual value on resale. In an agreement reached under Article 83 bis, the following main elements should be identified: the agreement provides for the transfer of certain functions and obligations of the registry state to the operator`s state, clarifies liability for safety, simplifies procedures and thus increases aviation safety. When an aircraft is seated outside its jurisdiction, the registry state may have difficulty ensuring compliance with maintenance requirements and the necessary timely renewals of the Airworthiness Certificate (CofA). In order to ensure delegation, the parties must enter into an agreement in accordance with Article 83 bis bis, which regulates, among other things, the tasks and functions to be delegated, including: the signed agreement is then forwarded to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for registration. Section 83 bis also provides safety and efficiency benefits for an operator with multiple aircraft registered in more than one state, as it allows flight crew members to be certified in accordance with the same licensing requirements and to fly all aircraft in the operator`s fleet. In order to facilitate the various details, the BCAA has drawn up this checklist for assistance in the implementation of an agreement in accordance with Article 83 bis. Given that many such agreements have taken place in recent years since the introduction of Article 83 bis, ICAO has published a comprehensive manual that is readily available online. The manual contains guidelines for the proper implementation of section 83 bis for increased use and more consistent application. Section 83 bis (founded in 1997) was the first major amendment to the International Civil Aviation Convention (better known as the „Chicago Convention“) and was created as a result of industry growth and emerging trends in aircraft leasing. Article 83 bis supports the structuring of cross-border air transactions by providing a mechanism to monitor the safety of an aircraft operating from a state that may be less developed.