Old-age social pension (Pensién Universal para el Adulto Mayor (PUAM), social assistance, funds examined: 65 years and no other pension. Naturalized nationals must reside in Argentina for at least ten years immediately before making their application; Foreign nationals must have a stay of at least 20 years, including at least 10 years immediately before the exercise of their right. Workers who have shared their careers between the United States and a foreign country may not be entitled to pensions, survivor benefits or disability insurance (pensions) from one or both countries because they have not worked long or recently enough to meet minimum conditions. Under an agreement, these workers may benefit from partially U.S. or foreign benefits on the basis of combined or „totalized“ coverage credits from both countries. Despite the fact that the agreements aim to allocate social security to the country where the worker is most attached, unusual situations occasionally arise, where strict enforcement of the rules of agreement would result in unusual or unjustified results. For this reason, each agreement contains a provision allowing the authorities of both countries to grant exemptions from the normal rules if both parties agree. An exception could be granted, for example, if the foreign award of a U.S. citizen was unexpectedly extended by a few months beyond the 5-year limit under the self-employed rule. In this case, the worker could benefit from ongoing U.S. coverage for the additional period. If you have any questions about international social security agreements, please contact the Office of International Social Security Programs at 410-965-3322 or 410-965-7306. However, do not call these numbers if you want to inquire about a right to an individual benefit.
A list of countries with which the United States currently has totalization agreements and copies of these agreements can be accessed under U.S. international social security agreements. International social security agreements, often referred to as „totalization agreements,“ have two main objectives. First, they remove the double taxation of social security, the situation that occurs when a worker from one country works in another country and is required to pay social security taxes to the two countries with the same incomes. Second, the agreements help fill gaps in benefit protection for workers who have shared their careers between the United States and another country. Some exceptions are allowed in the context of the application of international social security conventions. Labour and research workers, scientists and technicians, who are transferred for a limited period of time, have the right to be subject to the social security system of their country of permanent residence. Since the late 1970s, the United States has established a network of bilateral social security agreements that coordinate the United States.